Pet Nutrition

How to Keep Your Shih Tzu Healthy with Proper Nutrition?

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A Comparison with the Shih Tzu and Other Toy Breeds
By LITTLE PUPPY PAWS | October 29, 2023
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The Shih Tzu is a delightful little companions known for their sweet disposition and luxurious coats. These small breed dogs have specific nutritional needs that, when met, can contribute to a long and healthy life. Proper nutrition is the foundation of your Shih Tzu’s well-being.

To keep your Shih Tzu healthy with proper nutrition, focus on providing a well-balanced diet tailored to their specific needs, which include high-quality protein, healthy fats, complex carbohydrates, essential vitamins and minerals, and adequate hydration. Choose reputable dog food brands, monitor portion sizes, and maintain a regular feeding schedule. Be aware of your Shih Tzu’s unique health concerns, such as dental issues and allergies, and consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary guidance and any necessary supplements. A nutritious diet, combined with love and attention, will help ensure your Shih Tzu enjoys a long and vibrant life.


Understanding Your Shih Tzu’s Nutritional Needs

To provide your Shih Tzu with the best nutrition possible, it’s essential to understand their unique dietary requirements. These adorable dogs have distinct characteristics that influence their nutritional needs:

Small Size

Shih Tzus are a toy breed, which means they are quite small in stature. Their tiny bodies have different energy and nutrient requirements compared to larger dogs. Their stomachs are also small, which means they can’t consume large quantities of food in one sitting.

Luxurious Coat of the Shih Tzu

One of the Shih Tzu’s most distinguishing features is their beautiful coat. This double-layered, long, and silky fur requires specific nutrients to stay healthy and shiny. Without the right diet, their coat can become dull and prone to matting.

Sensitive Digestive System

Shih Tzus often have sensitive digestive systems. They are prone to gastrointestinal issues, including food allergies and sensitivities. Therefore, it’s crucial to select the right ingredients to promote digestive health.

The Shih Tzu is Prone to Dental Problems

Their small jaws and crowded teeth can lead to dental problems if not addressed through proper nutrition. Choosing the right food can help maintain their dental health.

High Energy Levels

Despite their small size, Shih Tzus are active and playful dogs. They require a balanced diet to provide them with the energy they need for their daily activities.


What are the Key Nutrients for Shih Tzus

Now that we understand the unique characteristics of Shih Tzus let’s delve into the specifics of their nutritional requirements.¬† To keep your Shih Tzu healthy, it’s vital to provide them with a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients. Here are the key nutrients your Shih Tzu needs:


Protein is the foundation of any dog’s diet, and Shih Tzus are no exception. It is crucial for muscle development, repair, and overall growth. Look for high-quality protein sources such as chicken, turkey, or fish in your dog’s food.


Fats are a concentrated source of energy and play a role in maintaining your Shih Tzu’s skin and coat health. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are particularly important for their coat’s shine and overall well-being.


Carbohydrates provide a source of energy for your Shih Tzu. Opt for complex carbohydrates like brown rice, sweet potatoes, and oats to provide sustained energy.


Vitamins, especially A, D, and E, are essential for your Shih Tzu’s overall health. They support immune function, vision, and skin health.


Calcium and phosphorus are critical for healthy bone development, while other minerals like zinc and iron support various bodily functions.


Fiber aids in digestion and can help prevent digestive issues. It can also contribute to weight management.


Proper hydration is crucial for Shih Tzus, as they are prone to kidney problems. Ensure that fresh, clean water is always available to them.


How to Choose the Right Dog Food for Your Shih Tzu?

Selecting the right dog food for your Shih Tzu is a crucial step in maintaining their health. Here are some guidelines to help you make an informed decision:

Look for High-Quality Brands for Your Shih Tzu

Opt for well-known dog food brands that prioritize the quality of ingredients and have a good reputation. Check the label for the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) statement to ensure it meets basic nutritional standards.

Choose Age-Appropriate Food for the Shih Tzu

Puppies, adult dogs, and seniors have different nutritional needs. Ensure you select food that corresponds to your Shih Tzu’s life stage.

Read the Ingredient List

The first few ingredients on the list should be high-quality protein sources. Avoid dog foods with fillers like corn and wheat, as they provide little nutritional value.

Consider Special Diets

If your Shih Tzu has specific dietary needs, such as allergies or sensitivities, consult with your veterinarian to find the right specialized diet.

Avoid Artificial Additives

Artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives are best avoided, as they can contribute to allergies and other health issues.


Feeding Schedule for Shih Tzus

Establishing a regular feeding schedule is essential for your Shih Tzu’s well-being. Here’s a general guideline for feeding your Shih Tzu:

Shih Tzu Puppies (2-6 months)

Feed them three to four times a day. Monitor their growth and adjust portion sizes as needed.

Shih Tzu Adults (6 months to 6 years)

Feed them twice a day, once in the morning and once in the evening. Be cautious not to overfeed, as Shih Tzus are prone to obesity.

Shih Tzu Seniors (6 years and older)

Continue with the same feeding schedule, but monitor their weight closely and make adjustments to their diet as necessary.

It’s essential to measure your Shih Tzu’s food portions to prevent overfeeding, which can lead to obesity, a common issue in this breed.


How to Choose Between Homemade and Commercial Dog Food

Some pet owners prefer preparing homemade meals for their Shih Tzus. While this can be a viable option, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian or canine nutritionist to create a balanced and nutritionally complete homemade diet. Homemade diets can be time-consuming and may require careful monitoring to ensure all nutritional needs are met.

Commercial dog food, on the other hand, is formulated to provide a complete and balanced diet. When choosing commercial dog food, make sure it meets the specific nutritional requirements of Shih Tzus, as discussed earlier.


What Supplements Do Shih Tzus Need?

In most cases, a well-balanced commercial dog food should provide all the necessary nutrients for your Shih Tzu. However, in some situations, supplements may be recommended by your veterinarian. Common supplements for Shih Tzus include:

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Supplementing with fish oil can help maintain your Shih Tzu’s skin and coat health.

Joint Supplements for Your Shih Tzu

As Shih Tzus age, they can develop joint issues. Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements may be beneficial for joint health.


Probiotics can aid in digestion and promote a healthy gut, which is particularly important for Shih Tzus with sensitive stomachs.

Vitamins and Minerals

Your veterinarian may recommend specific vitamins or minerals if your Shih Tzu has a deficiency or specific health concern.

Always consult with your veterinarian before adding any supplements to your dog’s diet to ensure they are safe and necessary.


How to Transition to a New Diet?

If you decide to change your Shih Tzu’s diet, it’s essential to do so gradually to avoid digestive upset. Here’s a step-by-step guide to transitioning to a new diet:

  • Start by mixing a small amount of the new food with your dog’s current food. Use a ratio of about 25% new food to 75% old food.
  • Gradually increase the amount of new food while decreasing the old food over a period of 7-10 days.
  • Monitor your Shih Tzu during the transition for any signs of digestive upset, such as diarrhea or vomiting. If issues persist, consult your veterinarian.
  • Once the transition is complete, your Shih Tzu should be fully switched to the new diet.


Proper nutrition is the cornerstone of a healthy and happy Shih Tzu. By understanding their unique dietary needs, selecting high-quality dog food, and monitoring their weight and health, you can ensure that your beloved companion thrives throughout their life. Remember to consult with your veterinarian for personalized dietary recommendations and to address any specific health concerns your Shih Tzu may have. With the right nutrition and care, your Shih Tzu can enjoy a long and joyful life by your side.