10 Facts About the Dachshund

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10 Facts About the Dachshund
By LITTLE PUPPY PAWS | April 1, 2024
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The Dachshund, with their distinctive long bodies and short legs, are among the most recognizable dog breeds in the world. These small hounds are known for their playful personalities, loyalty to their families, and of course, their unique appearance. 

The Dachshund, with its iconic long body and short legs, is a spirited and intelligent breed. Known affectionately as the “wiener dog,” they possess a keen sense of smell and a lively personality, making them excellent companions. Their diverse coat varieties, including smooth, longhaired, and wirehaired, add to their charm.


Dachshund Facts: Origins of the Breed

The Dachshund, often affectionately called the “wiener dog” or “sausage dog” due to its shape, hails from Germany. The breed’s name literally translates to “badger dog” in German, which hints at its original purpose. Dachshunds were bred in the 15th century to hunt badgers, as their long, low bodies allowed them to dig into badger burrows and drag them out. Their tenacity and courage made them excellent hunters, a trait still evident in their personalities today.

Dachshund Facts: Three Coat Varieties

Dachshunds come in three coat varieties: smooth, longhaired, and wirehaired. The smooth-coated Dachshund has short, shiny fur that lies close to the body, requiring minimal grooming. Longhaired Dachshunds have silky, flowing coats that can be straight or slightly wavy. These dogs require more grooming to prevent matting. Wirehaired Dachshunds have a coarse, wiry outer coat with a dense undercoat, giving them a more rugged appearance. Their unique coat needs regular hand stripping or clipping to maintain.

Dachshund Facts: Versatile Sizes

Despite their distinct appearance, Dachshunds are not a one-size-fits-all breed. They come in different sizes, categorized as standard, miniature, and kaninchen (rabbit) Dachshunds. Standard Dachshunds typically weigh between 16-32 pounds and stand about 8-9 inches tall at the shoulder. Miniature Dachshunds are smaller, weighing 11 pounds or less and standing 5-6 inches tall. The rare kaninchen variety is even smaller, weighing around 8 pounds or less and standing under 5 inches tall.

Dachshund Facts: Health Considerations

Like all dog breeds, Dachshunds have certain health considerations potential owners should be aware of. Due to their elongated spines, they are prone to back problems, particularly intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). It’s crucial to prevent them from jumping on and off furniture or climbing stairs excessively to reduce the risk of spinal injuries. Obesity is another concern, as excess weight can exacerbate back issues. Regular exercise and a balanced diet are essential for keeping Dachshunds healthy.

Dachshund Facts: Energetic and Intelligent

Don’t let their small size fool you—Dachshunds are energetic and intelligent dogs. Bred as hunting dogs, they have a keen sense of smell and love to explore their surroundings. They excel in activities like tracking, agility, and obedience training. Mental stimulation is key to keeping them happy, as they can become bored easily. Puzzle toys, interactive games, and training sessions are excellent ways to engage their sharp minds.

Dachshund Facts: Diverse Colors and Patterns

Dachshunds come in an array of colors and patterns, adding to their charm. Common colors include red, black, chocolate, and cream, with various shades in between. They can also have markings such as dappled (a mottled pattern with contrasting colors), piebald (large white areas with patches of color), and brindle (dark stripes over a lighter base coat). The combination of different colors and patterns makes each Dachshund unique.

Dachshund Facts: Famous Dachshunds

Throughout history, Dachshunds have captured the hearts of many, including celebrities and notable figures. Queen Victoria was an avid fan of the breed, and her love for Dachshunds helped popularize them in England during the 19th century. Pablo Picasso, the renowned artist, featured a Dachshund named Lump in some of his paintings. Additionally, famous Hollywood stars like Audrey Hepburn and Clint Eastwood have owned Dachshunds, adding to the breed’s glamour.

Dachshund Facts:  Sociable Personalities

Dachshunds are known for their lively and sociable personalities. They form strong bonds with their families and often become quite attached to their primary caregivers. Despite their small size, they make excellent watchdogs, alerting their owners to anything unusual with their loud barking. However, early socialization is crucial to prevent them from becoming overly protective or territorial. When properly socialized, they get along well with children and other pets.

Dachshund Facts: Long Lifespan

With proper care and attention to their health needs, Dachshunds can live long and fulfilling lives. On average, they have a lifespan of 12-16 years, though some can live even longer. Providing them with regular veterinary check-ups, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and plenty of mental stimulation can contribute to their longevity. It’s also important to monitor their weight to prevent obesity-related health issues.

Dachshund Facts: Endearing Nicknames

Over the years, Dachshunds have acquired a variety of endearing nicknames that reflect their unique appearance and charming personalities. Besides “wiener dog” and “sausage dog,” they are often called “doxie” or “weenie.” These playful monikers showcase the affection and adoration that people have for this beloved breed. Whether they’re curled up on your lap or leading the charge on a squirrel hunt, Dachshunds leave a lasting impression on those who know and love them.


Dachshunds are much more than their distinctive appearance. They are intelligent, spirited dogs with a rich history and devoted following. Whether you’re drawn to their hunting heritage, playful antics, or loyal companionship, Dachshunds continue to capture the hearts of dog lovers around the world. If you’re considering adding a Dachshund to your family, be prepared for a life filled with love, laughter, and plenty of unforgettable moments with these remarkable dogs.